terça-feira, 11 de maio de 2010

Annotated Bibliography on Transparency in Online Education

“Teaching as transparent Learning”, George Siemens (link)

In this post, the author makes an approach to transparency in online education, as a potential to learning and peer-to-peer learning. Rather then an overview on the post, I’ll reproduce some of his affirmations, the ones I think the best reproduce the idea George Siemens desires to transmit.

Putting ideas out for discussion contrasts with formal “reach a conclusion and publish” model.
Watching others learn is an act of learning.
Social technology – such as Twitter, blogs, Facebook – opens the door to sharing the process of learning, not only the final product.

…individuals who share similar cognitive architectures (novices with novices and experts with experts) have greater capacity to communicate.

…when we make our learning transparent, we become teachers.

Transparency in expressing our understanding, our frustrations, and our insights helps others who are at a similar stage.

"Transparency in Cooperative Online Education", Christian Dalsgaard and Morten Flate Paulsen ( link)

In this article the authors relate the concepts of transparency and cooperation in online education and the role of social networks in these ones. For the authors, transparency promotes cooperation, once it allows students to have access to others personal information and works, and also promotes quality, by enabling Preventive quality improvement, Constructive quality improvement and Reactive quality improvement. The authors present some examples of how a system can promote quality, recurring to NKI’s practice. One of these practices is the “learning partner” service.

"Colaboração e Cooperação na Educação Online / Cooperative Freedom and Transparency in Online Education" (Futuralia, 12th March 2010), Morten Flate Paulsen (link)

In this presentation, Professor Morten Paulsen presents and compares NKI and Universidade Aberta’s models as online teaching and learning course providers. What I underline from this presentation to the theme “Transparency in online education” is the fact that Professor MFP includes freedom of transparency as a plus concept of the (no longer) hexagon of cooperative freedom. This is, the idea that transparency must be voluntary. So, online students should also be free to choose were they want to stand in the transparency-privacy spectrum.

"Social networking sites: Transparency in online Education", Christian Dalsgaard (link)

In this article, Chirstian Dalsgaard discusses the importance of social networking to the promotion of transparency in online education. The author focuces on the university’s reality, were students are often engaged in they’re own and individual process of learning. Social networking is an engine for cooperation, once it allows the sharing of thoughts, processes and products of leraning. Wile sharing this components, students became available to each other as resources for learning. In social networking the starting point is the individual, unlike foruns, typical from LMS’s, were the focus is on groups.

Cartoon “Transparency for Cooperation”, by Morten Flate Paulsen

In this cartoon, Professor MFP explains, in a very simple way, how transparency can be placed in practice, through the sharing of information about the students. Professor MFP also underlines the importance of the level of the shared information: one must be able to choose what information to share and to whom.

A final summary...
Transparency is a means to achieve cooperation. Social networking and profiling online students are two means to promote transparency in online education. In online education students are often engaged in they’re own process of learning so transparency plays a special role in this learning environment, once it allows students to access each others thoughts, prcesses and products of learning. Transparency is also an engine to promote quality because by accessing other work, one tends to improve the quality of is work, one may receive constructive feedback and one may learn from other’s work

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